Tag Archives | Rule 206(4)-1

Hypothetical Backtested Performance

Yesterday’s post on faking returns made me think about the use of theoretical models and the ability of an investment adviser or fund manager to use hypothetical performance instead of actual performance. The real use of performance figures is in advertising, so the SEC’s rules on advertising are the key focus. (I don’t see how […]

Read full story · Comments { 0 }

Turning Your PowerPoint into an Advertisement

Once a fund manager is registered, Rule 206(4)-1 imposes additional restrictions on advertising that the SEC has determined would be fraudulent deceptive or manipulative. That means public presentations could be considered an advertisement. First I want to look back at the definition of an “advertisement” for purposes of the rule. An advertisement for purposes of […]

Read full story · Comments { 0 }

Fees and Performance Results for Advisers and Fund Managers

Section 206 of the Investment Advisers Act prohibits fraud, deception or manipulation, regardless of whether the fund manager is registered. Once registered, Rule 206(4)-1 imposes additional restrictions on advertising that the SEC has determined would be fraudulent, deceptive or manipulative. The first item on the list of fraudulent, deceptive or manipulative practices is testimonials, which […]

Read full story · Comments { 0 }

Performance Results in Fund Brochures

Section 206 of the Investment Advisers Act prohibits fraud, deception or manipulation, regardless of whether the fund manager is registered. Once registered, Rule 206(4)-1 imposes additional restrictions on advertising that the SEC has determined would be fraudulent, deceptive or manipulative. The first item on the list of fraudulent, deceptive or manipulative practices is testimonials, which […]

Read full story · Comments { 2 }

Ratings and Fund Managers

Investment advisers, and therefore fund managers once they register as investment advisers, are limited in how they advertise. Section 206 of the Investment Advisers Act already prohibits fraud, deception or manipulation, regardless of whether the fund manager is registered. Once registered, Rule 206(4)-1 imposes additional restrictions on advertising that the SEC has determined would be […]

Read full story · Comments { 0 }

Client Lists and Private Fund Managers

Section 206 of the Investment Advisers Act prohibits fraud, deception or manipulation, regardless of whether the fund manager is registered. Once registered, Rule 206(4)-1 imposes additional restrictions on advertising that the SEC has determined would be fraudulent deceptive or manipulative. The first item on the list of restrictions is testimonials. This prohibition reflects the concern […]

Read full story · Comments { 0 }

Intent and the Advertising Rule for Investment Advisers

In it’s prohibition against fraud, deceit and manipulation, Section 206 of the Investment Advisers Act is strict. There is no requirement of intent. You can argue that you didn’t mean to mean to commit fraud. That may affect whether you get referred to enforcement instead of merely getting hit with a deficiency letter or an […]

Read full story · Comments { 0 }

Is it an Advertisement?

Section 206 of the Investment Advisers Act prohibits fraud, deception or manipulation, regardless of whether the fund manager is registered. Once registered, Rule 206(4)-1 imposes additional restrictions on advertising that the SEC has determined would be fraudulent deceptive or manipulative. So what is an advertisement for purposes of the rule 206(4)-1: “[A]ny notice, circular, letter […]

Read full story · Comments { 3 }

Marketing Limitations on Private Funds

As a private fund manager registering as an investment adviser, you get new limitations on how you market and sell interests in your funds. It all starts with Section 206 of the Investment Advisers Act: It shall be unlawful for any investment adviser, by use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of interstate […]

Read full story · Comments { 1 }