Category: Fundraising

Celebrity Endorsements of ICOs and other Securities

With BitCoin breaking through the $10,000 barrier and growing interest in the uses of the underlying blockchain technology, everyone is looking to cash in using virtual currency. As with an IPO, the goal of investors in an Initial Coin Offering is get in early and cheap before the market takes the price up. The Securities

Best Practices for Presenting Model and Hypothetical Performance

These are my notes from an ACA Compliance Webcast on this subject. I’m sure you can find a replay on the ACA website. There were three great presenters: Alicia Hyde, Partner, ACA Performance Services Mike Sonnenburg, CIPM, Managing Director, ACA Performance Services Kim Daly, Managing Director, ACA Compliance Group Definitions The first topic was what

Most Frequent Advertising Rule Compliance Issues

It looks like the Securities and Exchange Commission has been taking a close look at advertising by investment advisers. The Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations issued a risk alert on The Most Frequent Advertising Rule Compliance Issues Identified in OCIE Examinations of Investment Advisers. I didn’t see any surprises in the alert. Advisers presented performance results without

Report on Access to Capital and Market Liquidity

Many people seem to think that the new commissioner of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Jay Clayton, is likely to focus more on capital formation issues than the previous commissioner. The recent report on Access to Capital and Market Liquidity from the SEC’s Division of Economic and Risk Analysis caught my attention. From the signing

A Classic Example of a General Solicitation Failure

The SEC opinion in KCD Financial Inc. (SEC Opinion 34-80340, March 29, 2017) affirms a fine and disciplinary action against KCD for selling securities in a private placement when no exemption from registration was available under Rule 506. The KCD opinion makes clear that you can’t fix the general solicitation failure by then only selling only

Changes to the Accredited Investor Standard?

The Securities and Exchange Commission has three mandates: (1) protect investors, (2) maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and (3) facilitate capital formation. Regulation of private securities transaction through the accredited investor standard falls squarely in the conflict between these mandates. The general statement about why certain investors can invest in securities subject to less

What We Learned About The Pay to Play Rules After The Election

CCOs did not sleep well for one. Monitoring employee contributions to political candidates is difficult. The political contributions do not originate from the firm, so there is no accounting control that you can put in place. You can’t ban political contribution if you have an office in California. California labor law seems to make such a

Gun Jumping

I began exploring the difference between advertising the soup and advertising the securities in yesterday’s post. That is, I looking for distinction between a private equity firm advertising in relation to its portfolio companies or real estate holdings, and advertising its performance as an investment adviser. Portfolio company advertising is outside the legal framework under

SEC Clears the Way For Intra-State Crowdfunding

Most states have passed crowdfunding laws. One of the barriers has been the breadth of the federal preemption of interstate securities transactions. To be intra-state, and therefore out of the jurisdiction of the Securities and Exchange Commission, the investors and the company doing the fundraising needed to all be in the same state. The problem is

506(c) Enforcement Actions

Although I had a lot of hope that the changing of private placement advertising restrictions by the Securities and Exchange Commission would remove potential foot-faults from the fundraising process, the end result proved challenging. Now it appears that the SEC is on the brink of challenging firms that took at advantage of the loosened restrictions.