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Narrowing the Safe Harbors

The Securities and Exchange Commission rolled out the accredited investor verification requirement and made it principle-based for purposes of Rule 506(c). You have to take reasonable steps to verify that an investor meets the accredited investor standard. In the same release it created four non-exclusive safe harbors that would deemed to be taking “reasonable steps.”  The […]

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Don’t Lie About Being GIPS Compliant

The Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS) attempts to be a set of standardized, industry-wide principles that guide investment firms on how to calculate and present their investment results to prospective clients. An SEC-registered investment adviser touting that it is GIPS Compliant in advertising, moves GIPS from an accounting concern to a regulatory concern. ZPR Investment […]

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International Regulatory Landscape For Private Funds

These are my live notes from PEI’s Private Fund Compliance Forum. They are likely to be incoherent and full of typos. AIFMD is a difficult topic. Transitional regime. It’s just about over; it expires at the end of July 2014. They don’t work in France. They work well in the UK. Germany is in the […]

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Congress Tries to Fix the JOBS Act

I’m still surprised that the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act flew through Congress two years ago. It’s surprising to see bi-partisan support for anything. Unfortunately, the law was flawed and has accomplished little that it set out to accomplish. The Title III Crowdfunding law was wildly hailed as monumentally changing the way small businesses could […]

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Accredited Investor Verification

When Congress imposed a lifting of the ban on advertisements for private placements, it also imposed a mandate that the fundraiser “take reasonable steps to verify that purchasers of the securities are accredited investors.” The methods for verification were to be determined by the Securities and Exchange Commission. The SEC, to its credit, did not […]

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Filing Form D and General Solicitation

One of the current issues around a fund manager or company from using advertising as part of its private placement fundraising is the proposed changes to filing requirements for Form D. Few people I have spoken with actually want to use general solicitation like bulk emails, newspaper ads, or web ads. But they do want […]

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How Not to Use Twitter as a Fund Manager

The Securities and Exchange Commission charged Mark A. Grimaldi and his firm, Navigator Money Management, with making false claims through Twitter, newsletters, and other communications about the success of their investment advice and a mutual fund they manage. Grimaldi and Navigator were using social media and widely disseminated newsletters to cherry-pick information and make misleading claims […]

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The Proposed New Regulation A for Fundraising

Title IV of the Jumpstart Our Business Startup (JOBS) Act mandated changes to the moribund Regulation A offering process. That law raised the bar from $5 million to $50 million and prodded the SEC into making changes. The SEC issued the proposed rule with enough interesting treats that it may be worth exploring. The SEC […]

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Participating Bad Actors and Private Funds

The SEC staff issued new Compliance & Disclosure Interpretations relating to Rule 506(d), the new bad actor rule. Under the rule, an issuer may not rely on the Rule 506 exemption if the issuer or any other person covered by rule has a relevant disqualifying event that occurred on or after September 23, 2013 (the […]

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The Upcoming Changes to the Accredited Investor Standard

Section 413 of the Dodd-Frank Act requires the Securities and Exchange Commission to review the accredited investor definition by July 21, 2014, the fourth anniversary of President Obama’s signing of the  law. In a letter to Congressman Scott Garrett, SEC Chair Mary Jo White said that the Commission staff has begun a comprehensive review of the accredited […]

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