The Securities and Exchange Commission and the Department of Justice jointly released A Resource Guide to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (.pdf). The 120-page guide provides a detailed analysis of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and closely examines the SEC and DOJ approach to FCPA enforcement.
The guide addresses a wide variety of topics including who and what is covered by the FCPA’s anti-bribery and accounting provisions; the definition of a “foreign official”; what constitute proper and improper gifts, travel, and entertainment expenses; facilitating payments; how successor liability applies in the mergers and acquisitions context; the hallmarks of an effective corporate compliance program; and the different types of civil and criminal resolutions available in the FCPA context. On these and other topics, the guide takes a multi-faceted approach toward setting forth the statute’s requirements and providing insights into SEC and DOJ enforcement practices. It uses hypotheticals, examples of enforcement actions and matters that the SEC and DOJ have declined to pursue, and summaries of applicable case law and DOJ opinion releases.
The Resource Guide is a response to the Phase 3 review by the OECD Working Group on Bribery. That report from that review recommended that the US anti-bribery efforts could be enhanced by consolidating publicly available information on the application of the FCPA. This Resource Guide is that consolidation.