New York Stock Exchange and Corporate Governance

Last week, the NYSE Euronext released the final report of the NYSE–sponsored Commission on Corporate Governance. The report identified 10 core governance principles. They cover the scope of the board’s authority, management’s responsibility for governance and the relationship between shareholders’ trading activities, voting decisions and governance.

The Commission on Corporate Governance was established in the fall of 2009 to examine core governance principles that could be widely supported by issuers, investors, directors, experts, and other market participants. These stakeholders have different viewpoints on governance issues, but the NYSE hoped they could find a consensus.

They started with the 10 core principles:

  1. The Board’s fundamental objective should be to build long-term sustainable growth in shareholder value for the corporation;
  2. Successful corporate governance depends upon successful management of the company, as management has the primary responsibility for creating a culture of performance with integrity and ethical behavior;
  3. Good corporate governance should be integrated with the company’s business strategy and not viewed as simply a compliance obligation;
  4. Shareholders have a responsibility and long-term economic interest to vote their shares in a reasoned and responsible manner, and should engage in a dialogue with companies thoughtful manner;
  5. While legislation and agency rule-making are important to establish the basic tenets of corporate governance, corporate governance issues are generally best solved through collaboration and market-based reforms;
  6. A critical component of good governance is transparency, as well governed companies should ensure that they have appropriate disclosure policies and practices and investors should also be held to appropriate levels of transparency, including disclosure of derivative or other security ownership on a timely basis;
  7. The Commission supports the NYSE’s listing requirements generally providing for a majority of independent directors, but also believes that companies can have additional non-independent directors so that there is an appropriate range and mix of expertise, diversity and knowledge on the board;
  8. The Commission recognizes the influence that proxy advisory firms have on the markets, and believes that it is important that such firms be held to appropriate standards of transparency and accountability;
  9. The SEC should work with exchanges to ease the burden of proxy voting while encouraging greater participation by individual investors in the proxy voting process;
  10. The SEC and/or the NYSE should periodically assess the impact of major governance reforms to determine if these reforms are achieving their goals, and in light of the many reforms adopted over the last decade the SEC should consider the expanded use of “pilot” programs, including the use of “sunset provisions” to help identify any implementation problems before a program is fully rolled out.

In Section IV of the report, they dive deeper into the roles of the board of directors, company management, and shareholders, recognizing the interdependence and inter-relatedness of the three groups. I found this to be the most interesting section. They lay out rights, responsibilities and expectations.

In the end, they do not end up advocating for change:

“Finally, it is important to note that as the Commission reviewed these issues, it did so in the context of the reality that, notwithstanding certain governance failures over the last decade, the current governance system generally works well. The Commission believes that failures of corporate governance were not the sole reason for the financial crisis of 2008, and more broadly believes that most of the thousands of public companies in this country are well governed, with hard-working and ethical boards and shareholders who are involved in the companies. This does not mean that the system is perfect, but it does mean that before further fundamental change is sought, all parties considering such change should recognize the strengths of the current system and the benefits it provides to investors and the economy.”