FCPA Opinion Procedure Release 06-01

FCPA Opinion Procedure Release 06-01 comes from a company wanting to contribute money to a regional customs department or the Ministry of Finance in an African country as part of a pilot project to improve local enforcement of anti-counterfeiting laws. The Requestor seeks to make the monetary contribution to the Counterparty in order for the agency to fund incentive awards to local customs officials to improve local enforcement relating to seizures of counterfeit products bearing the trademarks of the Requestor and its competitors.

The requestor planned to put these safeguards in place:

  • First, the Requestor will make its contribution to the incentive compensation fund by electronic transfer to an official government bank account in the African country controlled by and in the name of the Counterparty, and will require written confirmation that the account is a valid government account, subject to periodic internal audit by the relevant government authorities.
  • Second, the Requestor will be notified, upon a seizure of suspected counterfeit items by local customs officials, and will examine the suspect goods to confirm they are in fact counterfeit.  The Requestor further represents that payments to Award Candidates will not be distributed unless and until destruction of the counterfeit goods is confirmed by delivery of a destruction certificate to the Counterparty (a copy of which would be sent to the Requestor).
  • Third, the Requestor will have no part in choosing the Award Candidates, and the Counterparty will have sole control over, and full responsibility for, the appropriate distribution of funds.  The Requestor, however, will require written evidence that its entire contribution was used only to pay identified Award Candidates and that the awards were based upon a predetermined award eligibility criteria and calculation method.
  • Fourth, the Requestor will monitor the efficacy of the incentive program and discuss with the Counterparty during periodic reviews whether changes or refinements are necessary.  As part of its monitoring effort, the Requestor will monitor the number of notices received from local Customs officials relating to relevant seizures during each six-month period and follow the progression of such seizures.
  • Fifth, the Requestor will require as part of its MOU with the Counterparty that the Counterparty will retain for five years the records of the distribution and receipt of funds, and shall permit inspection of such records by the Requestor upon request during the life of the pilot project and for three years thereafter.

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